Join Robert Brown, Editor of the St. Charles County Historical Society’s journal, the Heritage, as he shares the history during World War I in St. Charles. A discussion will follow. Please join us for this interesting evening on July 20, 2017 at the First Missouri State Capitol State Historic Site at 200 S. Main Street in St. Charles.
Join us each Third Thursday of the month as St. Charles History “Talks”. The evening discussion with a historian with topics ranging from the German Heritage to the Civil War to the First Four Governors. At 7 pm in the rear residence of Chauncey Shepard, at the State Historic Site which is 200 S. Main, we enjoy a look at the history that shaped St. Charles. Please join us, we ask for a $10 donation at the door, with membership given in the Friends of Missouri’s First State Capitol on your first visit. The evenings are sponsored by the Friends of Missouri’s First State Capitol, a Friends group whose purpose is to educate, promote and help preserve Missouri First State Capitol State Historic Site, and currently working on obtaining their 501C.3 title. For more info Click here
On Saturday, May 20, 2017 at Missouri’s First State Capitol State Historic Site, from 10 am – 3 pm the Greater St. Charles Visitors and Convention Bureau sponsors the Annual Historic Children’s Festival. Come celebrate National Kids to Parks Day. Come live and play as children in the 1820s did. Hear interesting stories about life in St. Charles when our first legislators were struggling to organize Missouri into statehood. Children can pick up a passport and journey through the 1820s while participating in period hands-on activities.
This is a wonderful family event that everyone can enjoy! Perfect for “children” of any age! There will be demonstrations for the children of Rope Making, Old fashioned laundry on the washboard, cooking and churning butter, candle dipping, fur traders, writing with a quill pen, the old fashioned one room school house and games. Also, demonstrations by a hide tanner, a basket weaver, blacksmith, gunsmith, wood worker, flint knapper and frontier medicine man. A storyteller sharing stories of her German emigrant family. Visit the goats, sheep and chickens too. Learn period dancing from Dance Discovery, or meet members of the Spanish Militia or the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery. Hear the Lewis and Clark Fife and Drum Corps, the Buchanon Brothers, or enjoy the TJ Muller Banjo Group.
The Friends of Missouri’s First State Capitol announces their new Speaker Series to be on the Third Thursday of each month at 7:00 pm at the First Missouri State Capitol State Historic Site on topics relevant to our city called “St. Charles History Talks”. These talks will feature different historians who will speak on interesting topics such as Civil War, our German Heritage, or the history of the First State Capitol itself.
Our next program on May 18, 2017 at 7pm in the Peck Brothers Mercantile for St. Charles History Talks will be Dr. Steve Dasovich who will talk about “Louis Blanchette” and who is sure to lead a lively discussion afterwards! Please join us everyone! We ask for a $10 donation at the door for our new Friends Group!
Each month will feature interesting speakers!
June 15 “Missouri’s First Governor’s: Four men, Five years, making history” by the First Missouri State Capitol Site Director Victoria Cosner.
The Friends ask for a $10 donation at the door and ask if you have questions please call 636-221-1524.
Missouri became a State on August 10, 1821. Its birth was not easy though. The land was purchased by the United States in 1804, and organized into a Territory in 1812, with the first Legislative session held in Pierre Choteau Senior’s home. For the second session they were at the home of Madame Dubrevill on Second Street, also in St. Louis.
Residents wanted to discuss Statehood, so they gathered at E. Maury’s Hotel on October 26, 1818. There they began to draft a Constitution, which was completed when the Convention met at the Mansion House on June 12, 1820. This was a large 3 story brick on the corner of Third and Vine Streets, that had been built in 1816. At this session, the Convention also drafted a resolution that the seat of government would remain at St. Louis until 1826, when it would be moved to a point on the Missouri River within 40 miles of the Osage River. The rivers were the highways of their day.
The first session of the Missouri General Assembly was convened in St. Louis, and the election returns counted, with Alexander McNair becoming the first Governor. This was followed by high drama at the Missouri Hotel, at Main and Morgan Streets. U.S. Senators were elected by a caucus of a joint General Assembly, and the first seat went to David Barton by a unanimous decision. However, a bitter fight broke out between Judge John B. Lucas and Thomas Hart Benton. For days the 14 State Senators and the 43 members of the House debated and remained in a deadlock. It grew acrimonious and bitter. Then someone remembered that Representative Daniel Ralls had not come down from his room because he was ill. Needing the stalemate to end, a group of Benton supporters, carried his bed down to the Dining Room, where he feebly announced his vote for Benton. He died within a few days.
Before it adjourned, and after yet another long fight, they named Saint Charles the temporary Seat of Justice. McNair convened a special session on June 4, 1821 to discuss the objections raised by the U.S. Congress, on the second floor of a brick building on Main Street. That summer the heated debate over slavery floated down to listeners in front of the Peck Brothers Mercantile. A great compromise suggested by Henry Clay, ended the debate. Missouri was a slave state with the institution part of its history from its very beginning. With 11 free states, and 11 states in the Union, it would take the free state of Maine to balance Missouri’s entry as the 24th State.
“Whereas the Congress of the United States, by a joint resolution of the 2d day of March last, entitled “Resolution providing for the admission of the State of Missouri into the Union on a certain condition,” did determine and declare “that Missouri should be admitted into this Union on an equal footing with the original States in all respects whatever upon the fundamental condition that the fourth clause of the twenty-sixth section of the third article of the constitution submitted on the part of said State to Congress shall never be construed to authorize the passage of any law, and that no law shall be passed in conformity thereto, by which any citizen of either of the States of this Union shall be excluded from the enjoyment of any of the privileges and immunities to which such citizen is entitled under the Constitution of the United States: Provided, That the legislature of said State, by a solemn public act, shall declare the assent of the said State to the said fundamental condition, and shall transmit to the President of the United States on or before the first Monday in November next an authentic copy of said act, upon the receipt whereof the President, by proclamation, shall announce the fact, whereupon, and without any further proceeding on the part of Congress, the admission of the said State into this Union shall be considered as complete;” and
Whereas by a solemn public act of the assembly of said State of Missouri, passed on the 26th of June, in the present year, entitled “A solemn public act declaring the assent of this State to the fundamental condition contained in a resolution passed by the Congress of the United States providing for the admission of the State of Missouri into the Union on a certain condition,” an authentic copy whereof has been communicated to me, it is solemnly and publicly enacted and declared that that State has assented, and does assent, that the fourth clause of the twenty-sixth section of the third article of the constitution of said State “shall never be construed to authorize the passage of any law, and that no law shall be passed in conformity thereto, by which any citizen of either of the United States shall be excluded from the enjoyment of any of the privileges and immunities to which such citizens are entitled under the Constitution of the United States:”
Now, therefore, I, James Monroe, President of the United States, in pursuance of the resolution of Congress aforesaid, have issued this my proclamation, announcing the fact that the said State of Missouri has assented to the fundamental condition required by the resolution of Congress aforesaid, whereupon the admission of the said State of Missouri into this Union is declared to be complete.”